What causes sarcoptic mange?
Sarcoptic mange is caused by a parasitic mite that burrows just beneath the surface of the skin. The mite feeds on material in and on the skin. It is also known as scabies and is a zoonotic disease, a disease transmissible from pets to people.
What does it do to the dog?
The presence of the sarcoptic mite causes intense itching. The dog will chewand scratch its skin constantly. This leads to the loss of large amounts of hair,especially on the legs and belly. Eventually, the skin will become thickened and will darken.
Is it contagious?
Sarcoptic mange is highly contagious to other dogs and humans. The dog'sbedding should be discarded or regularly washed in hot water diluted withbleach [1 ounce per gallon (8ml/L)]. Although sarcoptic mites are not able tocomplete their life cycle on humans, they will cause severe itching until they diein two to five days.
How is sarcoptic mange diagnosed?
Diagnosis is made by a skin scraping examined under the microscope. It is common not to see mites when performing a skin scraping. This is due to the fact that the mites burrow deep into the skin and that it takes only a few mites to cause significant itching. A presumptive diagnosis is made on clinical signs and treatment is begun. Sarcoptic mange may occur in any dog at any time.
How is it treated?
There are several medications effective against Sarcoptes. We will discuss the best treatment for your pets condition. Treatment varies from medicated baths and dips to injections to oral medications. Many pets will require a combination or treatments to resolve this infection.Home CareDiscard any bedding or wash in diluted bleach solution [1 ounce bleach in one gallon of water (8ml/L)].If your dog is still scratching in 4-5 days please contact us.Your dog should be re-examined in ____ days.If any member of the family develops itching or a skin rash, please contact your doctor immediately. Tell your doctor that you have been exposed to sarcoptic mange or scabies. In people, the mite cannot complete its life cycle so it will die in a few days. However, it may cause itching during that time.